You just wanna pee/urinate but it hurts down there or you feel like you have to go back to the washroom. No matter how many times you sit down on the toilet, you can’t shake that feeling. We’ve all been there. Most likely, you may be having a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).
A UTI most commonly refers to an infection of the bladder-the part of your body that holds your urine. UTIs are very common: Some experts estimate that half of the sexually active women will have a UTI at least once in their lifetime and each year over 10 million people in the U.S. go to a health care provider for help with a UTI. Luckily, UTIs are usually easy to treat.
Causes of U.T.I ?
A UTI happens when bacteria from the vagina or rectum get up into the bladder and cause an infection. Some bacteria are more likely to cause UTIs than others, but the most common culprit is the bacteria E. coli. UTIs related to sex can happen because bacteria get rubbed across the opening of the urethra (the tube that lets your urine out of your bladder)
Signs and Symptoms of UTI?
Some of the most common symptoms of a UTI are:
- Burning or pain with urination (dysuria)
- The feeling that you have to pee all the time(psyuria)
- Frequent urination
blood in the urine
A laboratory test called a urinalysis is done to check for white blood cells( Pus cells) and nitrites in the urine these are your body’s natural response to an infection. When needed, your health care provider may send your urine to a lab to see if bacteria grow in it (known as a urine culture). Some of this UTI complication maybe be brought by Sexually Transmitted Infections. Hence, its good to test some VDRL for Syphilis.
What can I do when I have UTI?I
If you think you have a UTI, don’t panic. The treatment is easy and you can take some simple steps to prevent future UTIs. The first thing you should do if you have UTI-like symptoms is to contact a health care provider—even if you’re not sure. An untreated UTI can spread from the bladder up the tubes that connect it to your kidneys, and kidney infections are serious business. Just don’t go there.
Sometimes your provider may offer you treatment over the phone and sometimes your provider will want to see you in person. The usual UTI treatment is antibiotics for 3 to 7 days, depending on the type of antibiotic.
NOTE: It’s important to take all the antibiotics you get, even if you start feeling better, to make sure the infection is completely gone. COMPLETE DOSE
- What if my U.T.I is back.
If you have three or more UTIs in a year, your doctor may tell you that you have “recurrent UTIs.” Recurrent U.T.Is are common. study shows that just over one in four women had a recurrent U.T.I within six months of their original infection. These are some of the factors that increase chances of recurrent U.T.I:
Having frequent sex
- Having a new partner (who too might be exposed initially)
- Using spermicide or a diaphragm as birth control options
If you think spermicide or diaphragm use might be a factor for your recurrent UTIs, consider exploring other birth control options. It’s also possible that you may be more likely to get UTIs just based on your anatomies, like if you have a shorter distance between the urethra and the anus.☝
Prevention of UTI ?In case you have a recurrent UTIs: You can take some simple steps to help prevent them. These suggestions might not be scientific but can help you.
- After going to the washroom, wipe it clean
- Avoid douching and using soaps with fragrance down there.
- Don’t hold it! Head to the washroom as soon as you have the urge to pee.
- If you can, urinate before and after sex.
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Drink plenty of fluids especially water to flush out bacteria
- Avoid a lot of caffeinated and alcoholic beverages
If the above steps don’t work, talk with your health care provider about other options. Example:
Prophylaxis: This is taking a very low dose of an antibiotic.
Post-coital prophylaxis: some women take the antibiotic every day, and some take it only after having sex.
Taking the antibiotic after sex is more likely to work if your UTIs are related to sex and not some other factor.
Antibiotics are really good at preventing UTIs and can reduce recurrent infections by up to 95%.
Always have the test incase you experience thew above signs and symptoms of Urinal Tract Infection.
Do urinalysis and urine culture if necessarily to have the test based diagnosed. DON’T feel ashamed to ask for help. always take a lot of water for your kidney and bladder health.